Tonsils and adenoid are parts of the immune system that protect the body from diseases. The tonsils and adenoid which fight bacteria and viruses that enter the body through the mouth or nose become infected when the immune system is weakened and may expand volumetrically due to infection and cause serious health problems, especially in childhood.
If tonsillitis and adenoid hypertrophy, which are one of the most common ENT disorders in children aged 3-6 years, resists traditional treatment methods, tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy should be taken into consideration.
When the tonsils are inflamed, they swell, redden, and especially fever, sore throat, bad breath, white or yellow residues of the tonsils, swallowing and breathing difficulties may occur. If the inflammation of the tonsils becomes chronic, the tonsils need to be removed by surgical methods.
Nowadays, tissues can be separated by thermal energy without making an incision to the tonsils thanks to Thermal Welding technology. Therefore, bloodless tonsillectomy experience increases the comfort of patients in post-operative process. Healing process is shortened and possible complaints may be minimized after tonsillectomy with Thermal Welding compared with traditional surgical techniques.
Along with the tonsils, the adenoid, which has important functions in the children’s immune system and is located in the upper part of the nasal cavity, shrinks over time. However, children may experience health problems due to enlarged adenoid, until shrinkage of adenoid is completed, the immune system is strengthened and the nasal cavity is enlarged.
Adenoid hypertrophy may lead to chronic cough and hearing loss by causing otitis media and fluid accumulation (serous otitis media with effusion) in children, as it narrows the Eustachian tube, which provides middle ear aeration.
Adenoidectomy should be considered if adenoid hypertrophy, which causes symptoms such as continuous mouth breathing, inability to breathe through the nose, snoring, noisy breathing and nasal speech, leads to speech disorder, breathing problems, chronic adenoid inflammation or sleep apnea.
Adenoidectomy takes about 20 minutes. Adenoid is removed by scraping with a surgical instrument called curette, and a suture is not made while bleeding control is provided in that area. There is no obvious difficulty in swallowing in the post-operative period, but patients should eat soft food for 3-5 days.
“I carry out detailed health checks of my patients who applied to me with the requests of tonsillectomy and adenectomy. I would like to evaluate the health problems caused by tonsils and adenoid, and state that a procedure should be performed when necessary. I convey detailed information to the parents about tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy, and relieve their concerns by presenting medical facts.”